Just Security reports for the first time, Section 8127 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014 allocates funding to the Pentagon to help civilians killed and injured as a result of US combat operations. This acknowledgement and funding for civilian harm presents the Pentagon with an opportunity to create a longstanding program that will help war victims far into the future. What has always been a messy ad-hoc effort to dignify incidental civilian harm can now be a structured program, if authorized by Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel. Why is this so important? The laws of war permit incidental harm to civilians and civilian objects as long as the harm is not excessive to the direct military advantage anticipated with the attack. But warring parties have no legal obligation to offer civilians apologies or help in the case of incidental loss, like death, injury, or property damage.